• 1948

    Establishment of the State of Israel

  • 1948 – 1949

    Arab / Israeli conflict

  • 1967

    Six Day War leads to reunification of Jerusalem under Israeli rule, as well as Israeli control of the West Bank, Golan Heights, and Gaza Strip. Israel expands territory after fighting with all its surrounding neighbors – Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon.

  • 1973

    Surprise attack on Israel by Egypt and Syria triggers Yom Kippur War.

  • 1978

    Camp David Accords set framework for peace treaty between Egypt and Israel and comprehensive peace agreement in the Middle East.

  • 1987-1991

    First Intifada (uprising) begins with Palestinian rioting against Israel.

  • 1993

    Oslo Accords feature talks between Israel and the PLO

  • 2000 (September)

    Second Intifada begins when Palestinians use Ariel Sharon’s visit to the Temple Mount as trigger for planned riots.

  • 2005

    Israel unilaterally disengages from the Gaza Strip, leaving the territory under full Palestinian control. In 2007, the Palestinian organization named Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip.