Historical Significance
  • A strategic city because it was located on a well-defined hill that straddled the International Highway at a spot where it narrowed along the Jordan River, making it the first line of defense against armies attacking from the north.
  • Guarded the trade routes and could be used to collect taxes and duties
  • Known in Joshua’s day as the “head of all the kingdoms”
  • Water System: A century after Solomon’s time the Israelites built a massive shaft 40 meters deep into the tell, reaching the water table below. This water system was built during the time of King Ahab’s reign and provided the inhabitants with a steady water supply within the city walls.
Political/Cultural Significance
  • Solomonic Gates: Archaeologists have uncovered a six-chambered gate here, which is nearly identical in size and design to gates at Megiddo and Gezer.  
Biblical Significance
  • Joshua 11:1-13 Joshua captured the city from Jabin, king of Hazor, and burned it
  • Judges 4-5 Hazor was rebuilt by another ruler (Jabin) who controlled the northern section of Israel for 20 years.
  • 1 Kings 9:15 Solomon rebuilt Hazor during his reign to guard the northern approach to the land of Israel