Historical Significance
  • The Church of All Nations, with its brilliantly colorful mosaic façade, was completed in 1924 on the scanty remains of its Byzantine predecessor.
  • Architect Antonio Barluzzi filled the church’s interior domes with mosaic symbols of the Catholic communities that contributed to its construction.
Political/Cultural Significance
  • Gethsemane derives from the Aramaic or Hebrew word for “oil press,” referring to the precious olive trees that have always flourished here.
Biblical Significance
  • Luke 22:29-36 At the bottom of Mt. Zion is the location of the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus prayed to God the night prior to His crucifixion.