Historical Significance
  • It was originally called “Paneas” as the nature god “Pan” was venerated at this site.
  • Herod the Great’s son, Phillip, established it as the capital of his territory and named it Caesarea to honor the emperor of Rome. It then became known as Caesarea Philippi to distinguish it from other cities with the same name
Political/Cultural Significance
  • In ancient times, a spring gushed forth from the  mouth of a cave, and this water was one of the principal headwaters for the Jordan River. 
Biblical Significance